The Effects Of Different Types Of Physical Activity And Exercise Training On Prevention And Treatment Of Alzheimer 's Disease

2277 WordsApr 11, 201510 Pages
In the previous chapters, we discussed the effects of different types of physical activity and exercise training on prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s’ disease. We will now discuss the effects of cognitive training on improving the general and specific cognitive abilities of Alzheimer’s disease patients by initially focusing on the studies using cognitive training alone as a therapeutic intervention, and subsequently, contrasting the efficacy of this intervention against the combined physical activity and cognitive training protocol. Studies use three main cognitive-based approaches including cognitive stimulation, training, and rehabilitation. However, in some works, researchers tend to use these terms interchangeably . To clarify this confusion in terminology, we will provide a precise definition for each term. According to Clare et al, Cognitive training consists of a series of repeated standardized tasks aimed to trigger a specific cognitive function such as memory and attention. Cognitive rehabilitation, on the other hand, has a patient-centered approach and solely focuses on cognitive weaknesses of the subjects and attempts to improve their ability in performing daily life activities. Finally, cognitive stimulation is the least specific training and consists of a wide variety of social activities targeting improvements in global cognitive performance (i.e., thinking, concentration and memory) as well as social interactions . Characteristics of usual interventions

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