The Effects Of Drug Utilization On The Medical Care Of Infants, Children And Adolescents Essay

946 WordsNov 14, 20154 Pages
Pediatrics is the branch of science that deals with the medical care of infants, children and adolescents. Studies on the process of drug utilization focus on factors related to prescribing, dispensing, administering and taking of medication and its associated events. Drug utilization play a significant role in helping the health-care system to understand, interpret and improve the prescribing administration and use of medications.1 The irrational use of drugs is known to an increase in the cost of treatment, incidence of adverse drug reactions. Markets for children 's medicines tend to be small and the range of doses used may be wide for any drug formulation because many drugs prescribed widely for infants and children are not available in suitable dosage forms, leading to a lack of attention to pediatric medicines. Most of the drugs prescribed for children have not been tested in the pediatric population due to the difficulties in carrying out clinical studies in children and ethical issues due to children not being able to make their own decisions to participate in a clinical trial. Therefore, many medications have not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for children.2 There is enough evidence to demonstrate that the prescribing of the drugs has shifted from generics to branded and prescribing out of National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM). The rational prescribing can be assessed with the help of conducting prescription audit and the results of such

More about The Effects Of Drug Utilization On The Medical Care Of Infants, Children And Adolescents Essay

Open Document