The Effects Of Equine Facilitated Learning On Adolescents

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Summary The article written by Pendry, Smith & Roeter (2014) discusses the effects of equine facilitated learning on adolescents’ basal cortisol levels. In healthy adolescents, basal cortisol levels were highest in the morning and dropped rapidly throughout the day with troughs around midnight. Although equine involved programs have become increasingly popular over the last decade, prior to this article no research has been published on the effects that horses have on human development and emotional wellbeing. The experiment was conducted over an eleven-week period with students from different schools, fifth through eighth grade, in a rural university town in the Pacific Northwest area of the United States (Pendry et al., 2014). Subject referrals came from school counselors who had been treating students for academic and/or behavioral issues. The group of students participating included forty-one males and seventy-two females with an average age of eleven years. Participants were predominantly Caucasian or Hispanic. The students were randomly divided into two groups with fifty-three assigned to experimental conditions and sixty assigned to waitlisted conditions. The independent variable in this experiment is participation in the eleven-week program. The dependent variable would be the children that were waitlisted. The research was conducted through survey and experiment conditions (King L. A., 2014). Parents of the participants were asked to fill out several questions
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