The Effects Of Excessive Weight On Weight Loss And Weight Related Outcomes

1211 WordsMay 5, 20165 Pages
Abstract Objective: The rate of obesity in the United States is on the rise and is increasing faster than ever. Excess weight is a risk factor for several leading causes of preventable death, which can be reduced through modifiable behaviors such as diet. The purpose of this systematic review of literature was to explore mindful eating and its effects on weight loss and weight-related outcomes. Methods: A search was conducted using PubMed and CINAHL databases using the key terms “mindful eating” and “weight.” Articles were included in the synthesis if they included mindful eating in an intervention or as a dependent variable, focused on weight or weight-related co-morbidities (e.g. glycaemia, blood pressure) as outcomes, included…show more content…
Key Words: Mindful eating, weight loss, obesity, behavioral intervention Mindful Eating and Weight Loss: A Systematic Review of Literature Obesity has become one of the most dangerous, costly, and prevalent disorders in the United States, increasing the risk of heart disease, liver disease, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, stroke, osteoarthritis, and cancer (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 2012) and footing a bill of $147 billion in 2008 (Finklestein, 2009). More than one-third of adults in the United States are obese (body mass index >30) and the number is expected to increase (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). Obesity affects men and women equally, however, higher income men are more likely to be obese than lower income men and the opposite holds true for women, as higher income women are less likely to be obese than lower income women (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). The causes of obesity are multiplexed, as many elements, including but not limited to physical, psychological, and environmental influences, interact to create an energy imbalance and result in increased fat deposits. The modern food environment, which surrounds individuals with highly processed and highly palatable foods, has been suggested to share properties of addictive drugs
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