The Effects Of Fear On Hiv And Hiv

1806 Words Nov 11th, 2015 8 Pages
Fear plays a big role in the way society treats or views patients who have been diagnosed as HIV positive. Due to the lack of general knowledge regarding the illness and how it is transmitted, they are led to believe a HIV positive person is extremely contagious, and can go on to infect anyone within the general vicinity. As we now know, it has become apparent that HIV can only be transmitted through certain activities that involve fluid transfer between an infected patient and someone who is HIV negative. These activities include sexual intercourse, being born to an infected mother (during pregnancy, birth or through being breast fed), being pricked by a contaminated needle (eg health care workers), receiving blood transfusions from an HIV+ person, eating chewed up food by a HIV+ person, being bitten by a HIV+ person (only when the skin is broken) and sharing needles or syringes – or other equipment used to prepare injected drugs for someone who has HIV.
Although these activities all involve fluid exchange, they are categorised at different risk levels with blood transfusions being the highest at 9,250 per 10,000 exposures, followed by receptive anal intercourse – 138 per 10,000 exposures. Next is needle sharing at 63 per 10,000 exposures, and then percutaneous needle sticks at 23 per 10,000 exposures. Furthermore, insertive anal intercourse (11 per 10,000 exposures, receptive penile vaginal intercourse (8 per 10,000) and finally insertive penile vaginal intercourse (4…

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