growth of consumer price index (CPI). And the result shows that the P value is 0.031, which is smaller than 0.05, so we reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis that CPI growth i.e. Inflation has no unit root. Inflation is proved to be stationary. Table 1: ADF test for inflation Then test the stationary of output gap. I have done the same test with output gap. The result shows the P value of original order ADF test of output gap is 0.0408, which is still smaller than 0.05, so
literature examining the determinants of inflation has mostly viewed it as a monetary phenomenon. This viewpoint basically stems from Milton Friedman’s famous dictum that inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon. However, the conjecture of Friedman has recently come under attack. In fact, there appears to be virtually no correlation between money growth and inflation since the early 1980s. This leads to evolution of the argument known as Fiscal Theory of Price Level (FTPL). To capture
Are monetary disturbances and fiscal deficits inflationary? Empirical evidence from Malaysia Associate Professor Dr Tan Juat Hong College of Graduate Studies, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia ABSTRACT: The study uses the VAR model to investigate the responses of domestic inflation to monetary and fiscal policies, with output as the scale variable. The results show that domestic inflation responds positively to monetary policy shocks but not to fiscal deficits. If one assumes the velocity of
Research question: How central banking independence with monetary and fiscal policy leads to control the inflation rate. Introduction: The main goal of the governments and the economists is to stable the economy growth with the policies. The main two policies which are used to monitor and control the economy are the monetary policy and the fiscal policy. To make and implement these policies and control and look for the economy growth the main department or the organization is the central bank.
growth in order to maintain their standard of living relative to other countries. All aspects of the economy need to be at a balance in order to reduce resource depletion as well as ensuring the economy is still developing. The fiscal and monetary policies are two policies that can be implemented to influence an economy to achieve price stability, sustainable economic growth, and attaining full employment, the three macroeconomic of government.
monetary and fiscal policies has been specifically aimed at reducing inflation and implementing policies for sustained economic growth. This paper will present a discussion on the definitions of each policy while examining their role in economy. Based on the obtained insights, the paper will discuss the best option for Australia and will justify the rationale. In the end, the discussion will be given a conclusive shape in which the key learning will be summarized and future context of policy implementations
The President of Bartavia wants to enact expansionary fiscal policy with the intention of manipulating inflation and unemployment. Although Bartavia is nearly employing all of its resources in production and extremely close to full employment level, the President is still concerned about the small percentage that is unemployed. Unemployment is the state of a person without a job or a reliable salary or income. Inflation and unemployment are characteristics that are closely monitored to indicate the
government policy in reducing unemployment and inflation. In your discussion make use of the diagrammatic representation of the macroeconomy developed in lectures in Term 2 | Unemployment and inflation are factors that have negative effects on the performance of the economy as a whole. Therefore, policies to achieve low and stable price inﬂation, a high and stable level of employment are big macroeconomics issues of our time. This essay focuses on discussing the role of government policy on reducing
Inflation in particular is likely to occur when growth is above the long run trend rate and the aggregated demand increases faster than aggregated supply. China and India are two countries where this combination of strong economic growth and rising inflation has been seen in recent years. In 2010, China grew by 9.8% but her inflation rate was 4.9% and rising. India grew by 8.6% but her inflation rate was 8.3%. Persistently higher rates of inflation can then have negative effects on international
Evaluating Fiscal Policy Alternatives simulation Principles of Macroeconomics Evaluating Fiscal Policy Alternatives simulation Introduction Fiscal policy is whenever the government changes government spending or taxation as a means of influencing the market economy. This change takes place to stimulate or to restrain inflation. Fiscal policy is the manipulation of trends in the economy by the government. The content of this paper will discuss the effects of the changes in fiscal policy based