The Effects Of Formal Schooling On A Child's Readiness

1851 Words Dec 6th, 2015 8 Pages
In England it is the law that children must begin full-time education "the school term after their 5th birthday" (gov.uk, 2015). Over the years many researchers have investigated the various effects transition into formal schooling can have on a child, which exemplifies the importance of school readiness. A child 's readiness for school can be achieved in many ways, and can vary depending on what type of setting they previously attended. For example, if they went to a day nursery, stayed with a registered childminder or a Montessori nursery.

Through reading surrounding literature on school readiness it is evident there is no universally agreed definition. According to Ofsted the precise characteristics of school readiness, and the specific age of child it applies to are interpreted differently by many (2015). For example, some believe school readiness should be achieved by reception, whereas others state it should be year one. Interestingly, “school readiness has been linked with positive social and behavioural competencies in adulthood”, and “improved academic outcomes in primary and secondary education” (UNICEF, 2012). A conceptual framework by UNICEF defines school readiness as having two characteristic features and three dimensions. ‘Transition’ and ‘gaining competencies’ are the two features, with ‘children’s readiness for schools,’ ‘schools readiness for children,’ and ‘families and communities’ readiness for school’ being the varying dimensions (2012). Therefore,…
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