The Effects Of Hydraulic Fracturing On The Environment

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Dangers of Hydraulic Fracturing Despite its many advantages, hydraulic fracturing poses serious threats to the environment. Some of the commonly identifiable effects of hydraulic fracturing include water pollution, over depletion of water resources, noise pollution, air pollution as well as contributing to land movements such as tremors and earthquakes (Boudet et al. 57). According to Boudet et al. (58), fracking presents challenges that prompted the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to commence investigations into the environmental effects of hydraulic fracturing. Fracking is a capital-intensive project that usually involves the clearing of lands, transportation of water resources, construction of critical infrastructures such as…show more content…
According to a survey conducted by Anderson & Theodori (135), the residents of Texas readily point to the accessibility to the right jobs and better living standards as some of the benefits of hydraulic fracturing. The residents are however quick to single out the fact that the availability of employment in Texas has also strained public utilities and social goods such as education, healthcare and even recreational facilities (Rahm 2981). Be that as it may, the residents identify many positive impacts and do not want hydraulic fracturing to be stopped. Controversies around Hydraulic Fracturing Some of the problems associated with hydraulic fracturing include a strain on the water resources in the State of Texas. The residents sampled in the Anderson and Theodori (131) survey asserts that fracking strains their water resources and forces them to reduce their water consumption. The residents were concerned that the continued over-exploitation of their water resources might, in the long run, result in depletion of the scarce resource (Gregory, Kelvin, Radisav, Vidic & Dzombak 184). The quality of the water consumed by residents living in areas where fracking is conducted is a cause of primary concern. Given the fact that the water extracted from the mines is usually released back into the ecosystem, there is
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