The Effects Of Leishmaniasis And Its Effects On The North America

1429 Words Aug 4th, 2014 6 Pages
In the United States people tend to take a lot for granted, such as: vaccinations, medications, availability of doctors’, or even the simple satisfaction of walking outside barefoot. Leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease also known as the sand fly disease, is caused by Leishmania parasites and is transmitted by the bite of infected sand flies. Leishmaniasis is both a subtropical and tropical disease found in over ninety countries. This disease ranges from the Western Hemisphere to the Eastern Hemisphere (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC 2013). It is found most frequently in India, Iran, Peru, Brazil, and Columbia (Medicine Net 2014). According to the Bridging Research and Leishmaniasis Control, it has estimated that roughly twelve-million people are affected each year and numbers are only increasing (2014). Leishmaniasis is categorized into three different subunits known as, Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Visceral Leishmaniasis, and Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis (Medicine Net 2014). Although this disease is rarely seen in the North America, the country is well aware of its’ existence and is firmly educated on its’ illness. With the basic knowledge provided above, the reader has a slight image of how Leishmaniasis is transmitted. However with the help of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, the steps of transfer have been broken down to eight steps. Step one, Leishmaniasis is transferred from the infected sand fly during its blood meal to the human…
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