The Effects Of Lumpectomy As A Breast Conserving Surgery

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Lumpectomy. The lumpectomy is a breast-conserving surgery that removes only the tissue containing the cancer. Lumpectomies are more successful when tumor detection occurs in an earlier stage and smaller size. A patient may opt for a tissue biopsy and lumpectomy simultaneously however, research is dismal in the lifespan impact on this particular surgical approach. Radiation. Radiation therapy can be useful in all stages of breast cancer, however Stage I and II radiation therapy with lumpectomy is recommended. The ongoing research identifies without radiation treatment there is a relatively high chance of cancer recurrence up to 35%; with radiation as an adjuvant therapy the cancer risk decreases to 5-10% (MCGWC, 2007). Radiation treatment also accompanies a mastectomy if axillary lymph nodes test positive, a tumor is greater than five centimeters, or margin borders of the tumor are narrow between healthy cells and tumor cells (MCGWC, 2007). Systemic therapy. Both surgery and radiation therapy target tumor cells in a specific region. However, tumor cells can migrate and metastasize to other regions in the body through the lymph system. Adjuvant systemic therapy may be beneficial depending on staging, grade, tumor size, cell proliferation and oncogene activation. Oncogenes warrant further study as a treatment to alter genes that are unable to suppress cell proliferation; when damaged the proteins produced by the oncogenes can turn normal cells into cancer cells. The most
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