The Effects Of Mindfulness On The Mind On Present Experience

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In recent years, the ancient of being aware of one’s sensory experience in the present moment—of “being mindful”—has taken a prominent place in discussions among clinicians, educators, and the general public (Epstein, 1999; Kabat-Zinn, 2003; Bishop et al., 2004; Germer et al., 2005). Mindfulness has been found in most cultures throughout history and now resurfacing in modern times, in both the East and in the West. The practice of living in the present moment has been offered as a way to cultivate well-being in our minds, in our bodies, and even in our relationships with each other (Kornfield, 2008). Researchers has taken note of these suggestions and a number of investigators have focused their objective lens on this form of subjective, inner focus of the mind on present experience. Evidence from these studies supports the notion that being mindful, being aware of the present moment without grasping on to judgments, does indeed improve immune function, enhance a sense of equanimity and clarity and may even increase empathy and relational satisfaction (Lutz et al., 2008; Siegel, 2007). First, a brief historical origin of meditation and contextualizing mindfulness, following the literature reviewed to provide a foundational understanding of various types of meditation being practiced and what its documented effects have been. The second body of the literature reviewed on the neurobiology and mechanisms of change with mindfulness meditation practice.
Mindfulness: Historical
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