The Effects Of Music On The Music Industry

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Before sound recording were possible, music was enjoyed live by watching the performers performing on their instruments in front of you. When sound recording became possible, the way we enjoy music was not limited to watching the performers anymore. By looking at the development of sound reproduction and the devices that are capable of sound playback, we are able to take a look at look on how the production and consumption of music have been affected over the years in terms of portability, affordability and how it affects the music industry. Reproduction of sound has come a long way, dating all the way back to 1855 where French inventor Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville invented the phonautograph. Even though the phonautograph was not capable of doing a playback of what was recorded, it set the path for sound recording. (Crane, 2015) However, the credit for the records and gramophone that we use today goes to American Inventor Emil Berliner. Despite the innovation, the gramophone did not became commercially popular when it was first invented. It was only until the end of 1897 that the first commercially manufactured disc record appeared in the United States and made the gramophone popular as a mean of entertainment. (Read, 1952) Records then began to be mass produced and distributed for different occasions. Katz (2004) noted: “True, mass-reproduced art does lack temporal and physical uniqueness, yet reproductions, no longer bound to the circumstances of their creation, many
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