The Effects Of Nuclear Family On Children

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As Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Model suggests, the nuclear family typically provides the first and most important environment in the child’s early development (Siegler, Eisenberg, DeLoache, Saffran, & Graham, 2014). However, due to its strong influence on the child and to the intensity of early attachments, any disruptions to the family’s structure threatens to trigger a series of “risk factors” that most children are not equipped to handle (Kostelnik, Soderman, Whiren, Rupiper, & Gregory, 2012). Amongst these disruptions, parental divorce and family reconstitution present stressful and disturbing challenges for children. Young children –in particular five years and younger— are in greater risk of failing to cope with such circumstances, as their cognitive and social development has not yet provided them with the necessary mechanisms to understand and handle the complexities of the circumstances (Elliott & Richards, 1991; Kostelnik et al., 2012). Under these events parental support becomes vital, and an array of tools that parents can use to help their children to successfully navigate these difficult situations is available. In many countries, picture books addressing divorce, remarriage, and stepfamilies are often used as effective useful venues to aid children cope with these stressful situations (Mo, 2007). In light of these statements, and using the impact of “family conflict and marital dysfunction” in children’s emotional development as a framework (Kostelnik et
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