The Effects Of Obesity On Children And Adults

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Obesity is considered to be the significant health problem in the United States affecting children and adults. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. The main causes of excess weight in youth are similar to those in adults, including individual causes such as behavior and genetics. Different behaviors include dietary patterns, medication use, physical inactivity, and other exposures. Additional contributing factors in society include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion. Childhood obesity is a significant health problem in the United States. Although there was slight decrease in the rate of prevalence among preschool-aged children, obesity among children is still high. For children and adolescents aged 2-19 years, the prevalence of obesity has remained fairly stable at about 17% and affects about 12.7 million children and adolescents for the past decade (Ogden, Carroll, Kit & Flegal, 2014). Approximately 17% (or 12.7 million) of children and adolescents aged from 2 to 19 years are obese (Ogden, Carroll, Kit & Flegal, 2014). The prevalence of obesity among children aged 2 to 5 years decreased significantly from 13.9% in 2003-2004 to 8.4% in 2011-2012 (Ogden, Carroll, Kit & Flegal, 2014). In 2011-2012, the prevalence among children and adolescents was higher among Hispanics (22.4%) and non-Hispanic blacks (20.2%) than among non-Hispanic whites (14.1%)(Ogden,
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