quoted by Gilbert Parker (Gilbert Parker, n.d.). Childbirth is one of the greatest privileges on the earth anyone could have and we, as women, should feel proud to be major contributors for it. Thus, a mother has to play a key role in aiding the healthcare workers to mitigate the health crisis associated with childbirth by performing her duties faithfully. One such associated health crisis is “Premature (preterm) birth” which occurs when the baby is born too early, before 37 weeks of gestational period (CDC, 2015). The rate of preterm birth ranges from 5% to 18% of babies born across 184 countries (WHO, 2015).
Chad is an incredible country that has faced many struggles to rise up since achieving independence. Located in Central Africa, Chad is a geographically diverse country with a tropical south, barren deserts in the north, broad arid plains in the center
Goal 5 The fifth goal is to increase maternal health in countries with a focus on reducing the maternal mortality rate by three-fourths and universal access to reproductive health both by 2015. Despite a 43% reduction in maternal deaths since 1990, there are still a large number of women who die
The first problem that needs to be addressed is simply the lack of access for women in vulnerable populations to prenatal care. This is a major problem because we see that the rate of women who
How socio-economic disadvantaged moms, results in their inability to good communication and less support systems in their environment, therefore reducing access to prenatal health care. Low education levels creates a barrier to accessibility of prenatal information and education, therefore, hampering mother's knowledge for good prenatal care.
In 2013, 289 000 women died during pregnancy and childbirth and it was estimated that everyday 800 women all over the world died from childbirth or childbirth-related problems (World Health Organization, 2014). Often, maternal mortality is found to occur more often in developing countries than developed countries. Maternal mortality refers women who died from the situation like during pregnancy, termination of pregnancy within 42 days, regardless of duration and place of pregnancy, from aggravation caused by the pregnancy or pregnancy management (Nwagha et al, 2010). Maternal mortality may be resulted from direct or indirect cause. Direct causes are from obstetric complications of pregnancy, labour, and puerperium, and interventions whereas indirect causes are from the worsening of current conditions by pregnancy or delivery (Givewell, 2009). This paper aims to examine the causes for maternal mortality in both developed and developing countries and will end with a proposal for government to ensure women are given reproductive health rights.
Maternal mortality represents more than the loss of lives for individual women, as it also reflects the larger value and prioritization of women 's health and threatens the health and survival of families, young children, and even the communities in which they live (Royston and Armstrong, 1989). Maternal mortality is unacceptably high (WHO, 2015b). Globally, approximately 830 women die every day from pregnancy- or childbirth-related complications (ibid.). The causes of maternal mortality are predominately preventable and can be classified into three fundamental causes: (1) medical - consisting of direct medical problems and pre-existent/coexistent medical problems that are aggravated by pregnancy, (2) underlying - social and legal conditions, and (3) health systems laws and policies that address availability, accessibility, and quality of reproductive health services (PHP et al, 2011).
Also, for reasons that are still being investigated in public health, poorer pregnant women are much more likely to be diagnosed with labor-inducing bacterial infections such as bacterial vaginosis or chorioamnionitis (inflammation of the fetal membrane) (Allsworth & Peipert, 2007; Dammann, Leviton, & Allred, 2000). In a study sample of over 3,700 women who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis was higher in pregnant women who were living at (34%) or below (37%) the federal poverty level compared to those who were living above it (24%) (Allsworth & Peipert, 2007). Additionally, pregnant women in lower SES communities have been found to suffer from more chronic healthcare care conditions such as hypertension and diabetes which are highly associated with preterm birth and small gestational size (Nagahawatte & Goldenberg,
The intent of this paper is to examine effective solutions for reducing cesarean deliveries. Cesarean deliveries involve more risk to both the mother and baby than vaginal births do. Cesarean deliveries have a higher potential of complications than vaginal births. Cesarean deliveries cost more, require longer hospital stays, and require
The extreme poverty conditions in the country have unsurprisingly affected the healthcare system as According to UNICEF, maternal mortality in Haiti is 35 women out of every thousand; neonatal healthcare is equally abysmal, with 3.1 percent of newborns dying within the first month after birth. Most of the maternal and neonatal deaths are considered largely preventable, given adequate healthcare resources. Accessibility to these resources is another important issue, with less than 36 percent of pregnant women giving birth in any healthcare facility.
• Poor adolescents are 3 times as likely to have a newborn out of wedlock than adolescents who and not poor and the birth are associated with low birth weights and peri/postnatal complications
Perhaps one of the most pressing issues faced by women in Many African countries today are the many barriers preventing them from having access to sexual health and family planning services. “The World Health Organization (WHO) defines family planning as “the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain
There are two many event currently happening in Ethiopia. One major one for Ethiopian women is Pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic organ prolapse is primarily a childbirth-related injury, and leads to the bulging of pelvic organs like the uterus, bladder and sometimes bowel. In three regions of Ethiopia there is an estimate of 5,000 to 6,000 women that have obstetric fistulas, which is a hole between the vagina and the bladder. And over 250,000 suffer from pelvic organ prolapse mainly cause and increased by vaginal delivery which increases the chance of women suffering from the condition. Many women go to clinics and are told they have prolapse but, can not afford the hospital fees not can the find properly trained doctor with the knowledge as
As intern doctors we are often told that a diagnosis of obstetric fistula can be made on first contact with the patient, based on the smell due to incontinence. This rather callous method of diagnosis is an indication of the effects of obstetric fistula; women are ostracized and ill-treated. Few specialized
Barry Harris 05/03/2015 Professor Surles Health Quality Quality of care for maternal and newborn health has been an agenda that has been neglected. Many women experience disrespectful, abusive, or neglectful treatment during child birth in facilities.Woman autonomy are being violated, leaving women without the choice to seek the proper maternal health care services.Quality care for women and newborns morality has been seeking less attention.issues with quality of care must improve deaths of mothers and newborns has became a issue. Stitches proves that more than a half a million women died during a pregnancy. Statistics also proves that 80% percent of deaths can have been prevented.we need to prioritize the framework of quality care and also reduce newborn mortality and morbidity. Focusing on time more towards childbirth and the period of the birth. 70 percent of maternal deaths has occurred because of the complications from pregnancies and childbirth. Hemorrhage, hypertensive disorder,sepsis,and abortions has complicated the pre term birth, is neonatal related death. More than 85% of newborns has fused with mortality issues that needs improving. Improving the well being of mothers and children impacts the public health goal for the united states with building a more healthier population. Their well being is something that determines the health of the next generation.Improving public health and strengthening healthcare ,a program made to improve prenatal, maternal