The Effects Of Optimal Arousal And Performance

1686 WordsDec 2, 20157 Pages
Introduction The effects of optimal arousal and performance has been studied extensively in psychology. Throughout sports psychology it is known that there is an optimal arousal level at which athletes perform their best. In previous studies surrounding the relationship between emotional states and performance, have been examined using the individual zone of optimal functioning (IZOF). IZOF is a sport-specific framework that describes the relationship between emotional experiences and success on the basis of individual patterns (Ruiz, Raglin, & Hanin, 2015). In a review done by Ruiz et al. (2015), it was found over 183 IZOF based studies making it one of the most popular models for an analyzing subjective experience and athletic performance. From past research the IZOF model has found that anxiety heavily influences performance of athletes and each athlete has an individually optimal level of anxiety, which with probability will lead to a successful performance (Hanin. 1978, 1986, 1989). Even though IZOF is one of most widely used models when examining arousal and performance, research using the model has its limitations. As a model, it focuses on individual patterns, therefore most research with the model has been used on individual athletes and not team sports. By applying the IZOF model to a team sport, there may be differences in the individual zones of functioning between those who take part in team versus individual sports. It could be that people in team sports on
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