The Effects Of Osteoporosis On The Bone Disease

1131 WordsApr 21, 20175 Pages
The Effects of Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, too little bone, or both. Because of this, bones become weak and may break from a fall, or worse, break from sneezing or minor bumps (National Osteoporosis Foundation). Osteoporosis means “porous bone”. A healthy bone under a microscope looks like a honeycomb, when osteoporosis is taking place, the holes and spaces in the honeycomb are much larger than in the healthy bone. Bones that are osteoporotic have lost density, and contain abnormal tissue structure. When bones lose this density, they weaken and are more likely to break. Osteoporosis is often called a silent disease because one can’t feel bones weakening. Breaking a bone is…show more content…
Smoking can lead to lower bone density, and higher risk of fracture, and this risk increases with age. Over four units of alcohol a day can double the risk of a hip fracture. The risk of vertebral and hip fractures in men increases greatly with heavy alcohol intake, particularly with long term intake. Low body weight and weight loss is associated with greater bone loss and increased risk of fracture. Some young females, particularly those training for elite athletic competitions, exercise too much, eat too little, and consequently experience amenorrhea, which makes them at risk for low bone mass and fractures. Middle-aged and older men and women with annual height loss >0.5 cm is at an increased risk of hip and any other fractures. Falls contribute to fractures – ninety percent of hip fractures result from falls. A third of people over age sixty-five fall annually, with approximately ten to fifteen percent of falls in the elderly resulting in fractures. Almost sixty percent of those who fell the previous year, will fall again. Use of anxiolytics, sedatives, neuroleptics, and antidepressants has been shown to increase risk of
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