The Effects Of Parental Incarceration On Children

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The Effects of Parental Incarceration on their Children

Darlene Oliver

May 4, 2016

The University of the District of Columbia

Introduction The number of children with incarcerated parents continues to increase, thus the long-term ramifications of parental incarceration has become a topic of interest to many concerned people. In addition to understanding the effects of parental incarceration on children, school officials and penal institutions must be involved in support services available to incarcerated parents and their families.

Evidence of the Problem Researchers have begun to measure not only how incarceration influences parents, but the effects the consequences of parental incarceration on children. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1.5 million minors deal with parental incarceration every year (Harrison & Beck, 2010). In addition, as jail and prison residents continue to increase, the number of children affected by parental incarceration will also continue to increase. Therefore, researchers have taken a certain interest in studying the short and long term consequences of parental incarceration on children. Investigators show that children of incarcerated parents are up to ten times more likely to be incarcerated during their generation than children of non-incarcerated parents (Johnson, 2010).

Who is incarcerated and how many of those incarcerated are mothers? According to recent estimates (Mumola, 2000),
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