The Effects Of Parenting Styles And Its Effects On Preschoolers ' Growth

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Children become increasingly more interesting individuals as they advance developmentally in life. During a child’s preschool years, they grow and become even more independent beings from their parents. There are rapid changes in their development that occur physically, emotionally, socially, and cognitively. In this research paper, three topics were developed in order to further understand the relationship between parenting styles and its effects on preschoolers’ growth, more specifically, their personalities and social development. The topics that will be discussed in the research paper are the effects of children’s temperament on parenting styles, specifically authoritarian and authoritative parenting styles, the personalities displayed…show more content…
The next parenting style and the best of all four is called the authoritative parenting style. These parents set clear and consistent boundaries and are firm on rules. Despite being strict, they are also supportive and loving. They take their time to explain and reason with their children as to why they should act a certain way and possible consequences otherwise. The children of authoritative parents are usually very independent, self-confident, sociable and pleasant, and successful. They generally display self-regulation and positive behaviour (Feldman & Landry, 2014, p.172).
What are the effects of each parenting style to children’s temperament?
According to Laukkanen et al. (2013), there is an association between children’s temperamental characteristics and parenting styles (Laukkanen, Ojansuu, Tolvanen, Alatupa, & Aunola, 2013, p. 312). Temperament refers to the innate emotional and behavioural responses of children. Parenting is quite a challenging job in adulthood which can be especially demanding when the child has a temperament that is difficult to handle. This can affect parents’ approach to child-rearing. Difficult temperament such as withdrawal or shyness to people or events, low positivity, high negativity, low attention regulation, and high impulsivity and hyperactivity are said to be related to childhood problem behaviours (Laukkanen et al., 2013, p. 313). These potential behavioural problems could cause conflicts and stress
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