The Effects Of Physical Development On The Middle Childhood

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The period of time from school age to adolescent is a time of growth and change. They are learning so much about the world around them, as well as their place in it. Their bodies are growing, and changing, and their cognitive capacity is increasing. Physical development in the middle childhood continues steadily and children grow taller. Growth is especially apparent in the legs. Their fine and gross motor skills improve too and they have greater strength and muscle control since their bodies have grown in size. Obesity is a problem in this country and many are not getting enough physical activity. Sports activities can be of benefit because not only will they get exercise, but they also learn to work with others in a team environment which could help with their socioemotional development . As children progress into adolescence, puberty brings physical changes to the body as well. Pimples emerge which can cause teens to be anxious and self conscious about their appearance. Puberty and hormones bring out sexual maturation characteristics such as facial hair, muscle growth, breast growth, and menstruation begins (Kail, Cavanaugh, p. 241-243, 315-341). When a child becomes school age they cognitively become capable of thinking in more complex ways, and therefore are able to learn how to read, write, and understand mathematical concepts. It is at this time that children, according to Piaget. begin the stage of concrete operations, meaning, they begin to understand
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