The Effects Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

1855 Words Mar 15th, 2015 8 Pages
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is unquestionably a debilitating disorder as stated in the earlier part of the paper emphasizing that PTSD diagnosed individuals are at higher risk for violent behaviour, undoubtedly affecting relationships and society as a whole. Additionally important to PTSD and violence is the increased likelihood for suicidal behaviour (Dell’Osso et al., 2009; Marshall, 2001; Oquendo et al., 2005; Poindexter, 2015; Tarrier & Picken, 2011). Suicidal behaviour can be defined as the formation of suicidal ideas, leading to planning the act, which may or may not lead to killing one’s self (Tarrier & Picken, 2011). Although suicide is no longer a criminal offence in Canada (Department of Justice, 2013), this study considered suicide to be a violation—violence toward self; thus, it is included as violent behaviour. PTSD, both subthreshold and full criteria, consequently, increase the risk of suicidal behaviour, and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders with PTSD, such as major depression, bipolar disorders, and cluster B personality disorders, have greater incremental impairment. Many researchers agree that suicidal behaviour increases significantly with PTSD. Oquendo et al.’s (2003) study, nonetheless, indicated that PTSD alone did not appear to impact suicidal behaviour. Their research revealed that patients with major depression alone and patients with major depression comorbid with either current or lifetime PTSD had similar numbers of…
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