The Effects Of Poverty On Children 's Mental Health Essay

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This article examines the effect of poverty on children’s mental health by studying the relationship between children’s’ family histories of poverty and children’s mental health. The research is conducted by using the data from the Children of National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth data set (1986, 1988, 1990). McLeod and Shanahan are interested in finding out the relationship between poverty histories and children’s mental health trajectories. They concluded that poverty has effects on children’s mental health and it continues to affect them as they grow older. Political debates about welfare reforms are based on the poor adults, however, McLeod and Shanahan proves the importance of including children’s experience in the policy decisions. “In fate of poor children is ignored in political discussions of welfare reform, the future costs to society will be high” (McLeod and Shanahan, 1996)
Children who have socioeconomically disadvantaged families have more risk of developing mental illness. In other words, poor children have more mental problems than wealthy children. There are three theories that McLeod and Shanahan studied about the relationship between poverty histories and children 's mental health trajectories. First hypothesis they tested “children 's mental health problems may remain at a stable, high level even when economic circumstances improve”. Second hypothesis is that “children whose poverty continues into the future may experience stable or increasing
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