The Effects Of Reinforcement And Punishment On Individuals

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Effects of Reinforcement and Punishment One would be surprised at the behavior modifications and ability that Operant Conditioning imposes on individuals. Operant Conditioning, one of the fundamental concepts in behavioral psychology, is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. In the 1920’s B.F Skinner, known as “the Father of Operant Conditioning”, believed that the best way to understand behavior is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. He believed you could change or continue one’s behavior with certain exercises. As a result, he founded the principles of positive/negative reinforcement and positive/negative punishment. In psychology the goal of punishment is to decrease a behavior, while reinforcement is to increase a behavior. This is the basis for what is known today as behavioral psychology. Starting with positive and negative reinforcement, B.F Skinner concluded in that negative reinforcement a response or behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing or avoiding a negative outcome. In positive reinforcement, the method is used to modify behavior. Positive reinforcement is an effective way to change a behavior without implementing unpleasant methods. Positive reinforcement is mostly used for children but it can also be used on pets and even adults in some cases. Some examples of positive reinforcement are like saying “good job!” or “wow I’m very proud of you!” Sometimes just giving someone a compliment on
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