The Effects Of Restorative Justice On Juvenile Recidivism

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Literature Review
Current research available on the effects of restorative justice on juvenile recidivism range from meta-analyses of multiple studies to individual program studies. According to Bradshaw and Roseborough (2005), “The use of meta-analytic methods provides a useful means for summarizing diverse research findings across restorative justice studies and synthesizing these findings in an objective manner.” (p. 19). Four meta-analytic studies reveal an overall reduction in juvenile recidivism (Bradshaw and Roseborough 2005; Bradshaw, Roseborough, & Umbreit, 2006; Latimer, Dowden, & Muise, 2005; Wong, Bouchard, Gravel, Bouchard, & Morselli, 2016).
Bradshaw and Roseborough’s (2005) meta-analysis is comprised of data from 19
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The results of this meta-analysis were similar to the others. Wong et al. (2016) reported a positive result in the overall effectiveness of restorative justice on juvenile recidivism. Data analysis revealed 12 out of the 21 studies had a statistically significant effect size of lowered recidivism of restorative justice participants compared to juveniles in the traditional justice system (Wong et al., 2016).
Latimer, Dowden, and Muise (2005) showed comparable results of the effectiveness of restorative justice programs by conducting a meta-analysis. 22 studies were collected through a comprehensive literature search and experts were consulted to reveal any unpublished research pertitnant to the effects of the restorative justice program, VOM on juvenile recidivism (Latimer et al., 2005). The outcome measures for this study focused on recidivism, along with restitution compliance and victim and offender satisfaction (Latimer et al., 2005). Juveniles that participated in each study were assigned to either VOM groups or traditional justice comparison groups. The overall results of the meta-analysis showed a positive effect size of .07 on juvenile recidivism (Latimer et al., 2005).
Another meta-analysis that focused on victim-offender mediation was by performed by Bradshaw and Roseborough, along with Umbreit (2006). This meta-analysis consisted of 15 studies with 9,172 juvenile offenders, from 21
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