The Effects Of Sadness, Anger, And Happiness

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Hypothesis The goal for this experiment was to research if and when people use other’s emotions when forming their own attitude. Mainly focusing on the effects of sadness, anger, and happiness in interpersonal relationships. For this experiment, the researchers hypothesized for hypothesis 1 that subjects observing a source’s emotions will form attitudes that are identical with that of the source’s emotional expression. For hypothesis 2, researchers stated that a source’s emotional expressions play a big role in the way an observer engages in more information processing. Method For this research there were 5 experiments performed. Experiments 1 and 2, had to do with hypothesis 1, while experiments 3 and 5, dealt with hypothesis 2.…show more content…
The scale ranged from 0 to 100 (not applicable to very applicable). To analyze the results for experiment 1, a “2 mixed model analysis of variance” (van Kleef et. al., 2015, pg. 1127). For experiment 2, the researchers were looking to replicate the result in experiment 1. For this experiment, 101 participants volunteered with the same method as experiment 1. Participants were assigned randomly to the same emotional expressions as experiment 1, with the addition of a third and neutral expression. For this experiment, the situations used were the discontinuation of a Dutch television show and proposal to discard plans of rebuilding the Twin Towers. Different topics were used in order to “examine the robustness and generalizability of the effect of emotional expressions on attitudes” (van Kleef et. al., 2015, pg. 1128). Furthermore, for the television show, no arguments for or against its cancellation were used. This opposed the Twin Tower’s scenario, where arguments supporting both positions were used. Attitude measures were the same as experiment 1. Although, for this experiment in order to analyze results, a “3 mixed model ANOVA” (van Kleef et. al., 2015, pg. 1129) was used. For experiment 3, unlike experiments 1 and 2 where verbal manipulations were used, non-verbal
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