The Effects Of Sleep On Insomnia And Vagal Activity 14 People With Self Reported Insomnia

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Sleep can be effected in a number of different ways whether it is by the environment, your thoughts, or your pre-sleep routine, there are multiple factors involved. Many people have their own techniques that work well for them and some doctors have recommendations of their own. One tried and true technique for falling asleep is by utilizing different breathing exercises or simply focusing on the breath. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effectiveness of breathing techniques on sleep. In a study used to determine the efficacy of paced breathing on insomnia and vagal activity 14 people with self reported insomnia (SRI) and 14 people who reported to be good sleepers (GS) were utilized to test the hypotheses that paced breathing would aid those with insomnia in falling asleep (Tsai, Kuo, Lee, & Yang, 2014). The study measured variables such as sleep quality, sleep effectiveness, Heart rate variability, and cardiac vagal tone. For the individuals to be allowed in the SRI group they had to have difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or trouble with waking up too early and not being able to go back to sleep more than 3 times per week, for 6 continuous months. All subjects of the study had to be between 20-25 years old and have a BMI within the normal range for their height and weight (18.5-24.5 Kg/m^). The subjects all had regular times that they went to bed and woke up and none reported having any history of sleep disorders such as sleep apnea or periodic limb

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