The Effects Of Sleep On The Human Body And Mind Requires A Regulated Sleep And Wake Cycle

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The human body and mind require a regulated sleep and wake pattern in order to naturally restore homeostasis and provide healthier functioning in regards to it’s physical, emotional, cognitive, and somatic response to it’s environment. Chronic disruptions in this sleep pattern have been found to affect 10% to 18% of the general American population, while it has been found to affect 50%-80% of the American psychiatric population. The most common mental illnesses that suffer from chronic sleep/wake disruptions include mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder as well as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), PTSD, and schizophrenia. Research on the regulation of the sleep/wake cycle has found that proper regulation promotes healthy physical, emotional, and mental resilience, while chronic dysregulation promotes negative thinking as well as physical and emotional vulnerability (Nathan, 2015). Although lack of sleep is often viewed as just a symptom of mental illness, research in this area suggests that chronic sleep difficulties may have a larger role in the contribution to the development, progression, and outcomes of mental illness. Further investigation in this area can allow us to better understand this role of the sleep/wake cycle and therefore develop more sophisticated clinical measures, interventions, and prevention strategies. Sleep is best understood through two main theories, recuperation and circadian rhythms. Both theories function
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