The Effects Of Stress On The Workplace

2212 WordsMay 4, 20169 Pages
Life is full of frustrations, deadlines, and demands. Stress isn’t always bad, many times it can help people while they are performing under pressure since it will motivate them to do their best. Scientists use the term stress to refer to any force that impairs the balance of bodily functions. From this definition, the definition of job stress was formed. Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the needs of the worker. When stress begins to become overwhelming it can cause damage in relationships, health, and quality of life. People can protect themselves by recognizing the symptoms of stress. Numerous studies have shown that job stress is the…show more content…
When a person faces any danger the nervous system will automatically send a signal to the brain that makes all body functions want to flee away; known as “flight or flee” reaction. This stage is known as the alarm stage and this type of stress can be due to an actual event such as an accident. The alarm stage gives people extra strength to defend themselves. However, staying in the alarm stage can lead to the second phase of stress known as resistance. During this stage the body tends to get tense, tired, along with a weaker immune system. People will begin smoking and drinking to come out of the stress. The reactions to this phase are anxiety, memory loss, overreacting, and depression. When stress continues beyond the second stage then exhaustion will settle in. During this phase the adaptive mechanisms will collapse and there are many extreme complications that will result if this phase continues (Stages of Stress). Stress that occurs in the workplace is normal, however excessive stress can interfere with productivity and emotional health. People can’t always control everything in their work environment and many people are often stuck in tough situations. Any job can be stressful and in the short-term people may experience pressure to meet a deadline or to complete a task. There are four types of stress that occur at work and they include: Time stress, anticipatory stress, situational stress, and encounter stress. Time stress is when
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