The Effects Of Talking On The Cellphone On Reaction Times

1499 WordsNov 20, 20146 Pages
The Effects of Talking on the Cellphone on Reaction Times Garin McKenna Hour 5 Honors Biology I. Introduction Many automobile crashes today are caused by distracted drivers. One of the biggest distractions is texting and talking on the phone. Talking and texting on the phone distracts the driver, causing delayed reactions and more errors. It’s important for the road to have the full attention of the driver because little errors can cause huge consequences. Texting can obviously cause crashes because it causes the driver to look down at their phone, but can talking on the phone have the same effect? II. Background Information A. How the Brain Works To begin we need to know how the brain works and how it will affect…show more content…
There are many types of memory, but broken into two general types; short term and long term. Short term according to animal studies is said to be electric signals moving in circuits through series of neurons. When information is put into long term memory it is maintained in a certain type of protein. All of this of course happens in a matter of seconds, but it is still a complex process just to realize, for example, that the stop light is red and then to know to step on the brake and slow down (How Does the Brain Process Information? 1999). B. Parts of the Brain There are three main parts to the brain, the forebrain, midbrain, and the hindbrain. “The hindbrain includes the upper part of the spinal cord, the brain stem, and a wrinkled ball of tissue called the cerebellum (1). The hindbrain controls the body’s vital functions such as respiration and heart rate. The cerebellum coordinates movement and is involved in learned rote movements. When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum. The uppermost part of the brainstem is the midbrain, which controls some reflex actions and is part of the circuit involved in the control of eye movements and other voluntary movements. The forebrain is the largest and most highly developed part of the human brain: it consists primarily of the cerebrum (2) and the structures hidden beneath it” (NINDS 2014). The jobs of these three parts of the brain have a large role
Open Document