The Effects Of Urbanization, Industrialization, And Immigration On The Chicago Neighborhood Essay

1521 WordsDec 13, 20167 Pages
In 1892, The University of Chicago became the first university in the United States of America to establish a department of sociology (Panzarella & Vona, 2013). Within a couple of years, the University of Chicago would become the leading university in developing criminal theories. The top professors of the sociology department studied in France and Germany where there is an emphasis placed on the social influence in human behavior by using official records, such as court and welfare records, as well as individual case histories (Panzarella & Vona, 2013). During the early 1900s, researchers from the University of Chicago wanted to explore the effects of urbanization, industrialization, and immigration on patterns of social organization in Chicago neighborhoods (Kurbin, 2010). Many researchers, such as Ernest Burgess and Robert Park, had explored the effects of urbanization, industrialization and immigration in Chicago neighborhood; however, crime was not a main focus of study. This would later change when researchers Clifford R. Shaw and Henry D. McKay, from the University of Chicago, started their research on social organization. Clifford R. Shaw had earned a M.A in sociology at the University of Chicago in 1921(Panzarella & Vona, 2013). After he graduated from University of Chicago, he continued with his doctoral studies. However, Shaw did not complete the doctoral program. Shaw would later work as a parole officer for the Illinois State Training School for Boys. Following

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