The Effects Of Water On Human Development

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Water is an essential element of life. It is essential for the health of people, well-being of the human and all social and economic activities as well as for the ecosystem functions of the earth (WWAP, 2012). Therefore, managing water need a spectrum of critical considerations from the control of the governments towards the centre of the society. Water is a source of energy in some countries, and also essential element of agriculture as well as industry, and I some countries it is a mode of transport. Further the role of water related ecosystems from flood control to water Purification and storm protection is well appreciated (IDA, 2015). The Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) agenda sets its target 7C based on the role of water on human development, which expects to halve the proportion of people who does not have access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation (UNESCO-IHP, 2015). According to the report it is evident that more than two billion people gained access to safe drinking water since 1990 and 116 countries have already met the MDG target on drinking water. Further four billion people that is more than half of global population now connected to piped born water at their homes (UNESCO-IHP, 2015). However, two out of every ten people living on this earth have no access to safe drinking water, four in ten have no access to basic latrine, and 3900 children die every day from water borne diseases worldwide (IDA, 2015). More than 748 million people living in rural
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