The Effects Of Xenophobia In South Africa

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Introduction
“I have often wondered whether I made the right choice. From time to time I have been met with open hostility from black South Africans who clearly do not want people from other countries around. I believe this form of xenophobia to be unique to South Africa. To my knowledge it is not something to be found elsewhere in Africa.”
(Tegegne, 2001: 94)
The deep hatred and dislike of African foreign nationals by some locals emanates largely from the perception that foreigners are here to take jobs from locals, rendering most of the less educated South Africans unable to acquire employment (Moatshe, 2014)
‘Nationalism’ by a section of eminent South Africans (e.g. King Goodwill Zwelithini on 21 March 2015 (Mwanza, 2015) and Edward, son of president Jacob Zuma on 14 April 2015 (Khoza, 2015))
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Prior to 1994 the common enemy was apartheid. It was the glue that held together the resistance. A fatalistic mentally, amongst a large sector of the South African population, was created which still persists 22 years after democracy.
The tenets of citizenship and the nation have been reconstructed on a narrow, privileged, and nationalistic basis, with a pernicious atmosphere being created, particularly through immigration policies and the enforcement of an “exclusive” South Africa, creating the conditions for xenophobia to take root. State institutions have been centrally involved in the abuse of foreign migrants, from illegal arrests, renditions, torture, racial profiling, destruction of immigration documents and general abuse (Amandla.org.za, 2015)
According to Lucien van der Walt, professor of Sociology at Rhodes University (Mwanza, 2015) the enemy in post-1994 South Africa, has become the foreign nationals who present as soft targets due to their much smaller numbers and lack of homogeneity. Most of the xenophobic attacks erupt in poor and marginalised

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