The Effects of Alcohol on Social and Emotional Development in Adolescents

1062 WordsJul 14, 20185 Pages
Adolescent Social Development The social development of adolescents is very much affected by the social world. Peer relationships, family relationships, school, work, and community play a critical role in an adolescent’s social development as well as culture. Adolescence begins around the age of eleven and lasts into the early twenties. As a child enters into adolescence, many changes are taking place, including physical changes in appearance, sexual maturity, hormonal changes, and the ability to reflect on one’s identity of self (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010). As adolescents begin to experience these changes; they also experiment with new behaviors to help them transition from childhood to adulthood. Risk taking is a normal way that…show more content…
Higher rates of substance abuse in young adolescents are linked to neighborhood instability (Leventhal & Brooks-Gunn, 2000). Emotional Development According to Erickson (1968), developing identity is the central task of adolescents. Developing a sense of self or identity involves relating to others and learning to manage many emotions. This identity includes not only what individuals might become but also who they would like to become (Markus & Nerius, 1986). Identity consists of two concepts, self-concept and self-esteem. Self-concept includes beliefs about one’s traits, roles and goals, and interest, values, and beliefs. Self-esteem involves assessing how one feels about self-concept (APA, 2000). Adolescent Risk Taking Behavior According to Arnett and Balle-Hjensen (1993) there are several theories that may explain why adolescents engage in risky behaviors. They proposed that need for excitement, fun, and unique, powerful sensations outweigh the potential dangers involved in an activity. Jesser (1991) proposed another theory and stresses that risk behaviors occur in a group context and involve peer acceptance and status within the group. Gibbons and Gerrard (1995) proposed another theory emphasizing that adolescent risk taking is a form of modeling and glamorizing adult behavior. Drinking Among Adolescents According for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), alcohol use is a major public
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