The Effects of Child Care on Development

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THE EFFECTS OF CHILD CARE 1 A variety of changes in the world have demanded an increase in the need for child care. Some of theses changes include migration, poverty, and urbanization. These economic and societal changes are forcing more and more woman into the workforce. Among these are young women and mothers. From the 1970’s to the 1990’s there was a major increase in the need for child care. In March of 1970, 26% of mothers with children under the age of 2 were working outside the home. By the same month in 1984 that number had reached 46.8 %( U.S. Dept of Labor 1984.) Now a days that number is even higher and according to the 2006 census, the number of preschoolers under the age of 5 living with employed mothers reached 11,207. The…show more content…
Between these two studies researchers found that children with secure attachments had negative impacts where as insecurely attached infants seemed to benefit from it. This proved that day care may provide a consistent stable environment where the children are able to experience missing their parents and look forward to them returning. Generally speaking there have been no true facts or data proving that day care attendance has a negative impact on the emotional development of children or the bond with their mother. While there are studies with findings that contradicts this statement, Belsky and Steinburg(1978) state, “many of the results cannot be generalized and have several limitations.” While this research has found links between child care and security issues, it also found that the links decrease over time and are usually completely gone by kindergarten or first grade. (Egeland and Heister1995.) Parents are not solely concerned about the emotional impacts, but the cognitive and social impacts as well. Social development can be described as, “the ways in which THE EFFECTS OF CHILD CARE 5 Individuals’ social interactions and expectations change across the lifespan” while cognitive development “involves the processes of learning problem solving, reasoning, imagining, and perceiving.” (Gerrig and Zimbardo 2002.)
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