The Effects of Coronary Artery Disease and the Effects it has on its Victims

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Coronary Artery Disease, also known as Coronary Heart Disease, remains the leading cause of death in the United States accounting for 1.4 million deaths per year (Rimmerman, 2000). What is coronary artery disease? It’s the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the myocardium, which is the heart muscle. Severe coronary artery disease can potentially leaf to Congestive Heart Failure. What causes coronary artery disease? The cause of coronary artery disease is atherosclerosis, hardening of the arteries. This occurs when fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up on the walls of arteries and form hard structures called plaque. Over time, this plaque can block the arteries and cause problems throughout the entire body (Newton,…show more content…
Eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, high-fiber foods, foods low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol, fish, and foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, can very easily help to reduce the symptoms of coronary artery disease over time. Like all other muscles, the heart becomes stronger with regular exercise. Exercise helps the heart to pump more blood through the body with every beat and working at maximum level, if needed, with less strain (Newton, 2000, p.92). If lifestyle changes aren’t enough, medications will then be prescribed. A class of drugs used for treating coronary artery disease is designed to lower cholesterol and aspirin may be recommended because it tends to thin the blood (Newton, 2000, p.91). If lifestyle changes and medications fail to help treat coronary artery disease, then the patient’s last resort would be surgery. Two major surgeries include; angioplasty and bypass surgery. Angioplasty is the attempt to open the blood vessel by passing a catheter into the artery and inflating a balloon on the catheter tip to push the plaque against the vessel wall, thus widening the lumen of the vessel. Bypass surgery is a more complicated yet more successful surgery. A portion of an artery that is blocked by plaque is clamped off. A blood vessel is then taken from another part of the body and inserted just before and just

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