The Effects of Exercise on Blood Pressure Essay

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Effects of Exercise on Blood Pressure
Introduction
Blood pressure is defined as “The force the blood exerts against the inner walls of the blood vessels” (Shier, 2013, pg 582). Blood pressure is monitored by using a sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope and is a routine test in most medical examinations. A sphygmomanometer is basically a cuff, it is wrapped around the upper arm and inflated with air to put force against the brachial artery and briefly stop the blood flow. The person performing the test will use a stethoscope to listen to the artery below the cuff and slowly release the air from the cuff. An attached gauge with numerical values representing millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) on it is used to measure the blood pressure. The
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Effects of Exercise on Blood Pressure
Introduction
Blood pressure is defined as “The force the blood exerts against the inner walls of the blood vessels” (Shier, 2013, pg 582). Blood pressure is monitored by using a sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope and is a routine test in most medical examinations. A sphygmomanometer is basically a cuff, it is wrapped around the upper arm and inflated with air to put force against the brachial artery and briefly stop the blood flow. The person performing the test will use a stethoscope to listen to the artery below the cuff and slowly release the air from the cuff. An attached gauge with numerical values representing millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) on it is used to measure the blood pressure. The person performing the test will listen for two important beats, the first and the last. The first beat measures the systolic blood pressure or the force exerted on the walls of the blood vessels during the contraction of the ventricle. The last beat is the diastolic blood pressure or the force exerted on the walls of the blood vessels while the ventricles are resting.
The importance of blood pressure monitoring cannot be understated. Blood pressure monitoring alerts health care providers to potential illnesses, abnormal readings can be a sign of left ventricle hypertrophy, congestive heart failure, stroke, and many other potentially deadly illnesses. The chart below shows the normal and abnormal blood pressure ranges for an adult.
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