The Effects of Globalization on Nigeria

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24 April 2013 Shakhnoza Kabilova CCGL9013 Globalization: African Experiences End of Term Paper Question 2: Choose one African country or society and critically assess both the positive and negative consequences of one aspect of globalization that is affecting this society. Word count: 2090 There are many definitions of globalization, some suggesting that globalization is an ideological battleground where power and resources are fought over and won by a privileged few - that power in fact controls globalization (Adesanya, 2011). Theoretically globalization is meant to make possible the democratization of market forces, the breakdown of trade barriers (Adesanya, 2011) and the transformation of a country from one with a primarily extractive…show more content…
It is important also, not to only look at the effects of globalization on the Nigerian economy as a whole, but also the Niger Delta region in particular as that is where almost all of Nigeria’s oil is extracted. Ironically, it must be noted that even though the Niger Delta region is incredibly wealthy - 90% of the total oil and gas output is extracted there (Edokpayi, 2004) – it is also the most underdeveloped geopolitical region in the country, only earning as low as 10% of the oil revenue between 1968 and 1989 (Adesanya, 2011). One of the reasons is that the presence of MNCs such as Shell Oil Company has systematically excluded the local people from employment in the company, leading to rising unemployment and impoverishment in the region (Ighodaro, 2005). There is a disproportionate representation of local people in the staffing structure at Shell, whereby the bulk of employees are migrant workers from other parts of Nigeria (Ighodaro, 2005). Although the Ogoni people of Rivers State for example produce 50% of Nigeria’s oil wealth, they only make up 2.78% of the 1441 junior permanent employees (Ighodaro, 2005). Ighodaro (2005) argues that this illustrates a deliberate system of exclusion by Shell in order to maintain impoverishment of host communities in the region. He also argues
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