The Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family

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The Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family

The Industrial Revolution was from 1750's - 1850's, which had four main effects. One was the Economic system becoming industrial from agriculture, the second was Mechanisation meaning production in factories becoming more efficient, the third was Urbanisation and the fourth was population explosion - low mobility rate and higher birth rate.

Tallcott Parsons (1950's) believed that the extended family in pre Industrial Britain was the most beneficial as they were a unit of production and they were able to maintain a subsistence level of existence with very little reliance on non-family members. Parsons believed that post
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As a result of his research he provides evidence that the large extended family households were relatively uncommon in the Pre Industrial society. He concluded that 10% of households in England (1564 - 1821) include kin beyond the nuclear family. He claims hoe the nuclear family households may have been a characteristic of much of North West Europe and Laslett argues that this may have been important factor encouraging the process of industrialisation. An important aspect of the industrial revolution was the prior existence of the nuclear family facilitating the movement of workers to urban areas. Although Laslett's Research was seen to be thorough its not possible to discover from his data how much cooperation occurred between kin who were members of different households, so the extended families may have therefore been important while remaining residentially dispersed among several neighbouring households.

Young and Willmott (Y&W) believed that there were four stages of the family and from those four, three main stages. They studied family life in London (1950's - 1970's)( using historical research and social surveys. They essentially ignore middle class and concentrate on the working class families. Young and Willmott say that stage one was
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