The Effects of Injustice, Corruption, and Crime Rates on South African People

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Africa is a continent rich human and natural resources, yet a majority of its people lives in poverty (Carr). Located on the tip of southern Africa is the country of South Africa. South Africa, later known as the Republic of South Africa, is a country where the people repeatedly experienced injustice and corruption from their respective governments, the apartheid and the African National Congress. The apartheid system consists of all-white government officials, while the African National Congress consists of people of color. Despite the differences in government, the outcome of the two had similar adverse effects on its people. Both governments shared a similar theme within its governing system: exploitation of the country’s abundant …show more content…
These policies were created under the Dutch and British rule during colonial times. The enforced system of racial segregation was later called the apartheid. The apartheid is characterized by its central policy of “divide and rule” that protected and ensured white political power (Henrard). Under the apartheid, people are divided into four racial groups based on skin color (white, black/ African, colored, and Indian/Asian) and separated accordingly (Henrard). The huge African group was then divided again into subgroups: the Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele, and many more (Henrard). Mixed marriages were prohibited under the Prohibition of Mixed marriages Act of 1949 (Overview of Apartheid). To enforce the separation of groups, a pass book was distributed to every South African that put them into the categories based on skin color, ancestral history, hair texture, and nose width (Overview of Apartheid). By separating the majority in to several small groups, they could no longer unite and pose a threat politically. This allowed the legislation to empower the white Afrikaner population by reserving job openings in the public service (Henrard). In addition to the separation of people, public facilities were also segregated, similar to the Jim Crow Laws in America. Laws, such as the 1950 Groups Areas Act, and the 1953 Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, the 1953 Bantu Education Act, allowed the
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