The Effects of Parental Relationship and Parent-Child Relationship on Adolescents’ Self-Esteem in Divorce Family

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The Effects of Parental Relationship and Parent-Child Relationship on
Adolescents’ Self-esteem in Divorce Family

Abstract
Past western researches have shown support on the associations of parental and parent-child relationships towards adolescents’ self-esteem (SE) in intact and divorce families. Some theories attributed that the qualities of these relationships do have influences on how adolescent evaluate themselves. Our research proposal will analyze the effects of these two relationships on adolescents’ SE by conducting a survey.
Research Objective
A study derives a suggestion in terms of whether the qualities of parent-child relationship and parental relationship have effects on the SE of the adolescents who live in an intact
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The feeling of responsible or to blame for parents’ conflicts is likely to engender guilty feelings as well as depression and low self-esteem.

The Effects of Parent-child Relationship and Parental Conflict on Adolescents’ SE in Western Countries

The emphasis on pathology and individual deficiency in local studies, it has been a transformation in focus toward resilience and family dynamics in western studies (Ahrons, 1994; Emery & Forehand, 1994; Hetherington & Mitchell, 2003; Kelly & Emery, 2003). Emery and Forehand (1994) pointed out that in the face of adversity adolescents somehow bounce back from divorce. However, it does not mean that their children are appreciating or happy of their parents’ divorce. They are also upset and distress. According to the amount of distress, most adolescents are also resilient. There is also a wide consensus that adolescents’ SE in post-divorce families is a multivariate phenomenon rather than a simple outcome of divorce (Amato, 1993; Etnery, 1999; Lengua, Wolchik, & Braver, 1995). There are both risk factors and resilience factors mediating the adolescents’ post-divorce SE (Amato, 1993, 2001; Emery & Forehand, 1994; Hetherington & Mitchell, 2003).

Recently, family relationships become as a significant resources in resilience research (Hawley, 2000). There

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