The Effects of Stress Among Female Registered Nurses

4470 Words Apr 4th, 2012 18 Pages
CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Prior research has suggested that nurses, regardless of workplace or culture, are confronted with a variety of stressors. As the worldwide nursing shortage increases, the aged population becomes larger, there is an increase in the incidence of chronic illnesses and technology continues to advance, nurses continually will be faced with numerous workplace stressors. Thus, nurses need to learn how to identify their workplace stressors and to cope effectively with these stressors to attain and maintain both their physical and mental health. This article describes workplace stressors and coping strategies, compares and contrasts cross-cultural literature on nurses ' workplace stressors and
…show more content…
Thus, workplace stress occurs when the challenges and demands of work become excessive, the pressures of the workplace exceed the worker 's ability to handle them, and job satisfaction turns to frustration and exhaustion.(Lambert and Lambert, 2010).
Nevertheless, work stress and burnout remain significant concerns in nursing, affecting both individuals and organizations. For the individual nurse, regardless of whether stress is perceived positively or negatively, the neuroendocrine response yields physiologic reactions that may ultimately contribute to illness. In the health care organization, work stress may contribute to absenteeism and turnover, both of which detract from the quality of care. Hospitals in particular are facing a workforce crisis. The demand for acute care services is increasing concurrently with changing career expectations among potential health care workers and growing dissatisfaction among existing hospital staff. By turning toxic work environments into healthy workplaces, researchers and nurse leaders believe that improvements can be realized in recruitment and retention of nurses, job satisfaction for all health care staff, and patient outcomes particularly those related patient safety (B.M.Jennings, Chapter26 Work Stress and Burnout among Nurses: Role of the Work Environment and Working Conditions).
In one article entitled “Job Stressors and Coping Mechanisms among Emergency Department Nurses in the Armed Force Hospitals in