The Effects of Television on Young Children: A Review of Literature

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The Effects of Television on Young Children: A Review of Literature It has become clear, in the past few decades, that the United States, and many other westernized societies around the world, are very dependent upon televisions, and the entertainment they provide. There has been an increasing trend in television viewership since the 1950's. However, it is only recently that a larger audience has noticed the various effects on television, often a result of the ways in which shows are now specifically geared towards a population, such as children. Indeed, the number of cartoons and other television shows, both good and bad, that is, educational and otherwise, has increased, and children now spent a good amount of time watching television, if unsupervised. This paper will aim to review four pieces of literature in order to see just what effects this phenomenon has on young children, and how it could affect future generations. The first piece is entitled, "A Randomized Trial of the Effects of Reducing Television Viewing and Computer Use on Body Mass Index in Young Children," and is a study conducted by Leonard H. Epstein, PhD; James N. Roemmich, PhD; Jodie L. Robinson, MA, MBA; Rocco A. Paluch, MA; Dana D. Winiewicz; Janene H. Fuerch; and Thomas N. Robinson, MD, MPH. These authors aim to see, as stated in the discussion paper, whether there are any "effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on children's body mass index (BMI) as a risk factor for the
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