Essay The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

986 Words Mar 13th, 2014 4 Pages
The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

SOC 300

Submitted to:
Prof. Bernard Curry
Feb. 11, 2014

Submitted by:
Roberto Tan III
SU200096169

There so much said and written about foreign aid that it has become difficult to justify its effectiveness. But if we look at the overall picture in the eye of citizens of a developing country, an honest assessment might conclude that progress has been made. Though, profound social disparities and extreme poverty are still lurking in some parts of this fragile planet.
Foreign aid is the transfer of capital, goods, or services from one country to another. And aid can be given in numerous forms - from humanitarian emergency assistance, to food aid, military assistance, and so on.
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This approach was designed to undermine the communist government that was corrupt and biased that favored urban population over rural sections. Their pattern of distribution reflected political ties and proximity rather than absolute humanitarian need. By avoiding official structures and working with commanders at the local level, NGOs inevitably accentuated national–regional tensions and legitimized military strongmen. In this manner, foreign aid with the ultimate goal of peace building with efforts tied to impartialness has turned a page of conflict.
Positive.
Wars, conflicts, and struggles are sites of innovation, leading to the creation of new forms of legitimacy and protection. (M Duffield, Global Governance and the New Wars: the Merging of Development and Security, London: Zed Books, 2001.) They are essential for the advancement of peoples that are affected by it. They are essential in the transformation of infrastructures, institutions and social structures. And those affected societies will appreciate the availability of such foreign aids to allow them to rebuild and restructure the remains of their struggles.
Consequently, a ‘second generation’ strategy materialized as NGOs moved from humanitarian to rehabilitation and developmental approach with the focus in rural areas. NGOs sought to disengage from the privileged relationships built with particular commanders during the jihad years. They experimented with local institutional development approaches through