Essay on The Effects of the Death Penalty

781 Words 4 Pages
The Effects of the Death Penalty

The effects of the death penalty can be divided into three main
groups: public safety, deterrence, and retribution. The death penalty
is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for
a serious crime, most often first-degree murder. Prisoners who have
been sentenced to death are usually kept separate from other prisoners
pending their execution. However, isolation and eventually, the death
of a convicted inmate, play an important role on public safety,
deterrence, and retribution in the future.

The principle of deterrence is based on the idea that the threat of
punishment must be harsh enough to counter the benefits or pleasures
that the
…show more content…
Human nature teaches this fact. An
instinct that outruns all reasoning, a dreadful horror that overcomes
all other sentiments, works in us all when we contemplate it (Hand)."
The death penalty is an essential tool to fight and deter crime.
Capital punishment deters crime by causing potential murderers to fear
arrest and conviction, and by preventing convicted murderers from
killing again.

Retribution is a way of preventing future crimes, and capital
punishment is a secure way safeguard against repeat offenders. "Crime
indicates a diseased mind in the same manner that sickness and pain do
a diseased body," the Iowa Supreme Court's chief justice said. "And as
in the one case we provide hospitals for the treatment of severe and
contagious diseases, so in the other, prisons and asylums should be
provided for similar reasons." There is something in human nature that
requires a life for a life. Two years after the state abolished the
death penalty, a convict was lynched in Janesville, Wisconsin. A
newspaper reporter from Chicago took the incident as proof of the same
natural principle "that this cannot be looked upon as the feeding of
revenge, but the voice of nature within us (Banner)." Capital
punishment has a retributive basis as long as capital crime was seen
to be chosen freely.

For certain people that are genetically or…

More about Essay on The Effects of the Death Penalty