Imagine a one-week-old infant born prematurely at 32 weeks gestation undergoing a PDA ligation receiving only a paralytic, without any anesthesia or analgesia. This was commonplace for invasive procedures in neonates throughout most of the 19th century, up until the mid 1980’s when the reality of pain perception in the neonate gained awareness. We now know that pain and stress associated with standard procedures in the intensive care unit have been associated with impaired brain maturation [.
glove. D) An amnihook. E) Sterile vaginal speculum. F) Lubricant. 6. During a prenatal visit, the nurse discusses with a client the effects of smoking on the fetus. When compared with nonsmokers, mothers who smoke during pregnancy tend to produce infants who have A) lower Apgar scores. B) lower birth weights. C) respiratory distress. D) a higher rate of congenital anomalies. 7. A client with gestational hypertension is in active labor and receiving an infusion of magnesium sulfate. Which drug
predisposition.2 Women with PPD are likely to report symptoms that affect their physical functionality such as tiredness, headache, musculoskeletal problems, mastitis, perineal pain and dysuria.3 These symptoms make them prime candidates for Physical Therapy. There are also many psychosocial issues that coincide with PPD that can negatively impact a patient’s participation and adherence to a PT protocol. These patients often suffer from emotional lability, dysphoria, confusion, feelings of worthlessness