Heart Failure Christy Harding Western Governors University C155- Pathopharmacological Foundations for Advance Nursing Practice Heart failure affects nearly 6 million Americans. It is the leading cause of hospitalization in people older than 65. Roughly 550,000 people are diagnosed with heart failure each year (Emory Healthcare, 2014). Heart failure is a pathologic state where the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the demand of the body’s metabolic needs or when the ventricle’s ability to fill is impaired. It is not a disease, but rather a complex clinical syndrome. The symptoms of heart failure come from pulmonary vascular congestion and inadequate perfusion of the systemic circulation. Individuals experience orthopnea,
What Is CHF and How Can You Prevent it Nearly 5.1 million people in the United States have been diagnosed with heart failure. Yet so many people don’t have a clue what it is until they have been diagnosed with it. Congestive Heart Failure, or CHF, is a disease that
Congestive Heart Failure Toni Belsito Brookdale Community College HESC 105 Medical Terminology Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart hailure, also known as CHF or heart failure, affects the lives of 5 million Americans each year with 550,000 new cases diagnosed yearly. (Emory healthcare, 2013) CHF is a medical condition in which the heart has become weak and cannot pump enough blood to meet the need for oxygen rich blood required by the vital organs of the body, less blood is pumped out of the heart to the organs and tissues in the body and pressure in the heart increases, it does not mean the heart has stopped working. (Murphy, 2013) Once the heart has become weakened by conditions such as hypertension, abnormal heart
(Heart Failure Society of America, 2010). HF is accountable for 25% of all readmission within 30 days in the United States and represents an estimated $17 million dollars in healthcare spending (Desai, 2012). HF is most commonly seen in person’s age 65 or greater with common clinical presentations of dyspnea with exertion, orthopnea, edema in lower extremities and weight gain Patients often experience frequent exacerbations and decompensations (Anderson, 2014). The Heart Failure Society of America (2010) published the Comprehensive Heart Failure Practice Guidelines with the underlying goal to improve symptoms and to optimize the patient’s volume status. These guidelines include evidence based recommendations for “prevention, evaluation, disease management, and pharmacologic and device therapy” (Heart Failure Society of America, 2010, p 476). The Institute for Healthcare Improvement (n.d.) supports the balance of evidence based treatment during acute admission but asserts that it is equally as important to assess and provide patient education for self-management after
As congestive heart failure continually increases among people worldwide it is a medical condition that is beginning to become more of a concern even for people at younger ages. It is typically a disease addressed by late age and elderly patients but many cases of earlier age have been shown. Because congestive heart failure has evolved when it comes to treatment, patients experience a remarkable difference on quality of life even over the last ten years. Although signs and symptoms remain the same, it has become easier to diagnose with technology and greater knowledge over the last decade. Congestive heart failure has many different types of heart failure. Many risk factors play a role in congestive heart failure that are
One of the main causes of mortality and morbidity is congestive heart failure (CHF). The major causes of CHF are coronary artery disease and hypertension. Other risk factors are occurrence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), valvular heart disease, diabetes, smoking, obesity and dyslipidemia [46, 47]. Diabetes mellitus as an anticipated factor of CHF was explained in some studies [44, 47]. Diabetes is considered as a risk factor for CHF but yet, its relationship with CHF has not been completely understood [47, 48]. Alterations of left ventricular function and structure that are associated with diabetes mellitus or diminished glucose regulation have been described in recent studies [42, 49]. It has been reported that insulin resistance
Introduction Almost every one in the United States knows a person suffering from congestive heart failure. This disease has manifested its way into the lives of so many—the statistics are astounding. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, nearly 5 million people are affected and it is the main reason for hospital admission in older adults over the age of 65. This is a great cause for concern. In order to reduce the morbidity and control this epidemic, we must first understand the risks and causes of this condition. It is of the upmost importance to first understand the risks and causes of this condition. Education plays a key role in order to recognize the clinical manifestations and necessary actions to best treat
Heart Failure Heart failure is a syndrome that involves dysfunction of the cardiac muscle that results in or increase the risk of developing manifestations of low cardiac output and/or pulmonary or systemic congestion (Grossman & Porth, 2014). The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute estimate that about 5.8 million people in the United States have heart failure. Even though heart failure can occur in any age group, it primarily affects older adults. Although morbidity and mortality rates from other cardiovascular diseases have decreased over the past several decades, the incidence of heart failure is increasing at an alarming rate. Approximately 400,000 to 700,000 people are diagnosed with heart failure each year (Grossman &
Heart Failure Marikate Williams Delaware County Community College Disease Condition Heart failure (HF) is a chronic, progressive condition defined as the hearts inability to efficiently pump an adequate amount of blood to meet the demands of the body (Naab, 2011). Heart failure may be the result of the heart chambers not adequately
Introduction There are approximately 5.7 million people in the United States diagnosed with heart failure and about half of those diagnoses will die due to causes related to heart failure within five years (“Heart Failure”, 2016). Heart failure related deaths vary by geographic locations; however, they are most predominant among men and offer a greater risk to women if left untreated. Heart failure is a serious medical condition, if diagnosed and treated early enough, the chance of preventing death increase.
“Congestive heart failure affects nearly 6 million Americans” (Congestive). It is a chronic progressive condition in which the heart does not pump enough blood, resulting in less oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and organs within the body. Congestive heart failure also known as CHF, is a disease in which the becomes weaker. CHF can cause failure of other organs of the body eventually leading to death. The heart circulates blood at a lower rate than normal causing heart pressure to increase. It often occurs that patients diagnosed with CHF may develop edema, a buildup of fluid in the tissues (Congestion).
Does self-care and personalizing care education decrease hospital readmission of chronic heart failure patients? Self-care is a dynamic process in which patients actively manage their chronic illness (Schulman-Green et al., 2012). Self-care is defined as the decisions and strategies undertaken by the individual in order to maintain life, healthy functioning, and well-being (Barber, Currie, & Gardiner, 2011, p. 489). Personalizing patient’s care improves outcomes. Literature reveals that there is a need to re-examine the appropriateness of traditional caring in the context of evidence about healthcare interventions, and there is a need to reflect on the need to incorporate patient’s own values into the care plan (Sanders et al., 2010).
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a disorder of the cardiovascular system that occurs when the heart cannot sufficiently pump blood to meet the body’s metabolic and oxygen needs. Insufficient contractility of the heart will cause intravascular and interstitial volume overload and poor tissue perfusion. CHF is classified according to the side of the heart affected. The onset of CHF increases with age, as over the age of 50, 1% will develop CHF and 10% over the age of 80. An individual with CHF will experience a reduced exercise tolerance, quality of life and shortened life span and the prognosis depends on underlying cause and the individual’s response to treatment.
Victor Hulsey Course Professor: Jason Valdez EMSP 2544: Cardiology 03 August 2014 Treatment of Heart Failure Abstract: With the numerous discoveries and advances in pharmaceuticals and mechanical implantation devices, heart failure continues to be the leading cause of hospitalization in patients over the age of 65 in the United States and other developed countries. Advances in science and modern medicine have pushed heart failure to the forefront of an emerging crisis in developed countries around the world. The increase in heart failure cases appears to be directly related to the increasing average age within these countries. Richard E. Klabunde’s PhD, research estimates that there are “more than 15 million new cases of heart failure each
Nursing interventions that are appropriate for Mrs. J. at the time of her admission In year 2000 and 2010, an estimated 1 million hospitalizations for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), of which most of these hospitalizations were for those aged 65 and over, the share of CHF hospitalizations for those under