The Egyptian Pyramids

849 Words Jul 24th, 2016 4 Pages
1. In figure 3-6 the form of the capital was inspired papyrus blossoms, plant stems and mats found in the Lower and Upper Egypt to celebrate the Jubilee Festival that reaffirmed the royal existence. When they say these are engaged columns is means they are attached. The capitals are important because it is the earliest known stone columns in the history of architecture.

2. The Egyptian Pyramids were built as Pharaohs Burial Chambers. The pyramids were built out of solid blocks of quarried limestone of the Gizeh. The techniques of building the pyramid were hypothesize the work men had to cut into the rock and move large blocks roughly equal size using copper chisels and wooden mallets. They also cut deep into tunnel to find high-quality stone that were free of cracks and other flaws. The stone were removed from the bedrock with wooden levers and transported to the building site and dressed. The small blocks were carried on the workmen’s shoulders or on the back of donkey, which the larger blocks were carried on wooden rollers and sleds. The artisans dressed the blocks by chiseling, pounding, rubbing and grinding the surface with fine polishing stones (Gardner’s pg. 62)

These pyramids are different from the Mesopotamian Ziggurats, in that the pyramids were built to serve as tombs for the pharaohs and their families and to protect their mummified bodies, possessions in the afterlife and to symbolize the presence of their absolute and god-like power. Whereas, unlike the…
Open Document