The Electronic Communication Privacy Act, 1986

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The Electronic Communication Privacy Act,1986 The Electronic Communication Privacy Act,1986 was initially n amendment of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Title III) which was also referred to as Wiretap Statute. This was an act that was intended to stop government illegal access to the private electronic communications. With the emergence of other means of electronic communication like the internet, there was a growing tendency of the government agencies to sneak into the information channels of citizens without their permission. This was due to the fact that the 1968 Act did not cover the electronic mails that were en route to their final destination. The courts till 2005 declared that this type of communication was not covered by the 1986 Act. It was until then that the US Court of Appeal reversed the ruling that has been barring the e-mails from being covered under the privacy provision. The above scenario that the ECPA had to be amended with the argument that all electronic communication has to be temporarily stored at some given point in time and the argument that there was no any illegality in any interception before the communication reaches the destination was null and void. The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) therefore gives the clear guidelines to the access, use, interception, disclosure as well as privacy protection of the electronic communication. This Act covers electronic communication as well as various forms of
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