The Emancipation Proclamation Was Issued By President Abraham

1918 WordsApr 30, 20178 Pages
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln. It declared slaves to be free. This set forth the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments: abolishing slavery; all persons born in the United States are citizens, all citizens are entitled to equal protection under law; and barring the denial of the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude. In the decades since then, it has been a major battle for African Americans to be free and have equal rights. This began the African American Civil Rights Movement. It would be the 1960s before the determination of the movement would end segregation and allow them the absolute right to vote without any small provisions that would try to deny them this right.…show more content…
By 1900 Southern states passed many laws that would formally segregate everything. During the 1920s Marcus Garvey believed in empowering blacks economically. He founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association based in Harlem, New York. Deemed The Harlem Renaissance, it was the center of black politics and culture. In 1936, “Gallup polls estimated that 76 percent of Northern blacks had voted for [Franklin D. Roosevelt].” Some of the New Deal programs by FDR offered federal and state aid to African Americans. As the black vote became critical to the Democratic Party, the administration was more receptive to African Americans demands. “FDR appointed the first federal black judge and the unofficial Black Cabinet to investigate civil rights abuses and advise him on racial matters.” World War II would provide an opportunity to cease racial prejudice. At first, wartime industries refused to hire blacks and FDR issued an executive order that “. . . forbade discrimination in the defense industries and government . . . and established the Fair Employment Practices Committee to handle complaints of discrimination.” During the war almost one million blacks served including having the first African American general in the United States Army. Although the military was still segregated. After the war, the legality of segregated schools was challenged successfully. In the 1954 case of Brown v. Board of Education,
Open Document