The Emergence And Development Of Russia 's Radical During The Post Reform Era

2688 WordsJun 21, 201511 Pages
Frank Masi History 127B How would you explain the emergence and development of Russia’s radical intelligentsia during the post-reform era? What were the major ideological positions and differences? Why were these positions believed to be the only possible paths to significant political change? The emergence of the intelligentsia can be heavily attributed to a general feeling of unease towards the future of the Russian Empire, which is examined by David Saunders in his book entitled “Russia in the Age of Reaction and Reform: 1801-1881”, in which he explains how the intelligentsia first came to fruition: The intelligentsia was not solely the product of aristocratic disillusionment, for Nicholas I’s domestic critics came from both privileged and non privileged parts of the community. The emergence of the ‘post-Decembrist’ generation of dissidents ought to be related to the phenomenon of social displacement in general . . . (148) Developing out of a sense of displacement and members of the intelligentsia felt as though they had not overcome their own divisions from the masses, and had recently lost their ties to the state (Saunders 148). The intelligentsia was socially diverse but was heavily dominated by noble, privileged members of Russian society who felt marginalized by Catherine the Great’s Charter to the Nobility in 1785 and who witnessed a significant decline in political influence. Catherine was one of the first ruling members to limit the power of outside groups,
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